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Cooling System in IC Engine: Types, Advantages, Disadvantages

Cooling System in IC Engine: Types, Advantages, Disadvantages

Cooling System & Why Cooling System needed for an IC Engine:

Cooling System: Cooling System is one of the Important part in IC Engine which is to prevent overheating. The engine will become damaged if it overheats. Cooling is required when the combustion takes place in the engine a huge amount of heat is generated in it, to reduce this Cooling is required, this is done by the heat transfer method. Cooling system helps to work efficiently by removing excess heat in the IC Engine, and It  helps to maintain correct operating temperature in engine.

Different types of Cooling Systems:

There are 3 different types of cooling Systems, they are explained as follows:
  1. Air Cooling
  2. Water Cooling
  3. Liquid cooling

  • The amount of heat should remove only about 30% of the heat that produced in the engine because if the high amount is removed then the thermal efficiency is decreased.
  • The heat should remove fast where the high amount of heat is produced more than the requirement.
  • If the cooling system does not function smoothly there is a serious effect may cause.
  • If the engine is overheated then the lubrication oil used to lose its properties and effects the engine parts.
  • This effects on position and position ring also.
  • Cooling is an important function that helps the engine working safely and efficiently.
  • By this, the engine parts and walls are required from damages.

Air cooling System:

  • In this the cylinder head casting is less complicated, by this engine weight is reduced.
  • In this, there is less in cold corrosion and less wear to the engine.
  • Due to no coolant in it and arrangement of radiators, it is less in weight and cost is reduced, and maintenance is easy.
  • This is used for small engines, aircraft, and some of the industrial engines etc.

Water or Liquid cooling System:

  • This is easily available in nature.
  • This can transfer heat quickly.
  • This helps in increasing the efficiency of the engine.
  • This may causes effects to the engine.
  • Required space is more.
  • Maintenance is more to it.
  • It is used to transfer heat with more efficiently.

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