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Advantages and Disadvantages of Cavitation

Advantages and disadvantages of cavitation:

The advantages are that it improves efficiency by increasing heat transfer while reducing friction by allowing for faster movement. 

Cavitation can be used to create micro-bubbles which help improve the flow and circulation of liquid in a liquid-filled tube.

It is an efficient method for cleaning and treating the liquid inside the pump and turbines. 

Cavitation is that it produces an extremely clean cutting action on metals, ceramics, plastics, and composites. It has been used to cut diamonds, glass, and other materials.

The cavitation phenomenon can be controlled to enhance the performance of high-speed marine vessels and projectiles, as well as in material processing technologies, in medicine, etc.

Disadvantages of cavitation:

Disadvantages include increased noise levels, potentially higher maintenance costs due to more frequent breakdowns, and lower quality because of cavitation's tendency to break down metals at an accelerated rate.

It generates shock waves that may damage machinery.

Cavitation can damage parts in the system, such as bearings, valves, pumps, pipes, etc.

It leads to a loss of efficiency.

Cavitation is hard on personnel as it requires extra care during maintenance and repair operations.

One of the disadvantages of cavitation is that it requires expensive equipment and requires experienced personnel to operate it. 

Cavitation causes heating of the material being processed, which leads to material degradation and may cause thermal damage to equipment.

The noise generated by cavitation is too high for most industries to use it as a commercial technique.

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